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Emergent Literacy Objectives For Preschoolers

At this age, children have strong oral language skills and are learning the alphabet and letter sounds. They are also beginning to understand how words connect when reading and playing with rhyming and sounding out new monosyllabic words.

Interactive read alouds should position students as active participants and include dynamic conversations about text. Provide access to diverse stories, images and experiences to help students understand the world is enormous and embracing diversity is normal.


Children learn that letters represent sounds and that words have meaning when they receive phonics instruction. This is an important literacy skill that remains essential as children become more advanced readers.

When children are ready, they need to move from saying individual letter sounds to blending those sounds together into whole words. For example, they might learn the consonant digraphs ch and sh, and they will blend those sounds with other vowels to make words such as chat, shop and shout.

Preschoolers also begin to understand that books contain stories and can ask questions about them. They start to recognize the narrative structure of a story and can retell the plot, characters and events. They may also begin to recognize words and pictures in a book as well as understand that books are read from left to right and top to bottom. They may even start to use a crayon to draw and write words or short sentences.


Children need to know a wide range of vocabulary words. The more words they have to draw on, the easier it will be for them to understand what a text is about. Research shows that a student’s vocabulary development is a strong predictor of academic success. Children who enter school with poor oral vocabularies are at a disadvantage to those from more economically privileged backgrounds, which is why promoting emergent literacy skills in preschool is so important.

To develop vocabulary, teachers should focus on explicit instruction that introduces new words one at a time. It is also helpful to provide context clues that help students figure out the meanings of words. For example, by showing the word in a picture or displaying it on a word wall or flip chart, students are more likely to remember what it means.

Additionally, extensive reading is crucial to long-term vocabulary acquisition. It provides multiple exposures of the same words and encourages word play that stimulates curiosity and interest.

Reading Comprehension

Reading comprehension is a critical literacy skill for children of all ages. Understanding what they read enables them to learn from books and other written materials, develop vocabulary, and improve communication skills. Teachers can help students understand what they have read through a number of strategies. One strategy involves asking questions before, during, and after reading a story.

Another involves helping children to visualize what they have read. This involves imagining scenes from the text in their heads, which helps them remember details and understand the story better. Another way to improve reading comprehension is to provide kids with books about topics that interest them.

Though preschoolers may not be able to practice phonics or fluency, they can get an early start on comprehension strategies, which will prepare them for more advanced literacy skills as they grow up and interact with the world around them. By learning to comprehend what they read, children can become informed citizens and make wise choices in school and their lives.


Writing is an important literacy skill that develops with a range of experiences. It is important for teachers to understand how children learn to write so that they can provide opportunities that allow them to develop their emerging writing skills.

Children at this level of writing development usually do not yet understand that their drawings and scribbles are related to the written language that they hear in storybooks or from others reading aloud. They may also have only limited knowledge of the alphabet and letter sounds. They use a variety of strategies to communicate their ideas, including drawing letters and using their name as a model.

Teachers can support this stage of writing development by providing children with frequent opportunities to draw and scribble, providing them with meaningful opportunities for self-expression, and encouraging their interest in the use of the visual language of print in their work. They can also help them to use their growing knowledge of the alphabet to segment words into syllables and sound out new monosyllabic words they encounter.

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Kindergarten Literacy Club – Why Stories Are So Important

Do you feel overwhelmed when you leave school after a long day with your to-do list still unfinished?

Children in kindergarten judge their success based on what they can do, not how well they compare to their peers. Teachers can help them learn how to construct a sense of competence in reading and writing.


Stories captivate children and are an integral part of literacy development. They can teach valuable life lessons about courage, perseverance and hard work. They also help kids develop a sense of empathy through characters who experience similar emotions to their own.

Storytelling involves more than reading out loud; it also requires students to respond in other ways, such as drawing or writing. Teachers should carefully plan their storytelling activities so that children can meet expectations. For example, kindergarten students should be encouraged to retell a story they hear from a teacher or book and to connect the story to other stories.

Digital storytelling activities can be highly entertaining, engaging, theatrical and communicative. Teachers in this study used simple technology to make their storytelling activities more entertaining and dramatic.

Reading Aloud

A good read-aloud lesson allows children to explore relationships and concepts. It also nurtures interests in topics such as the environment, social issues and emotions.

Research shows that interactive read-alouds can enhance students’ background knowledge of texts and help them develop understanding of text structures and features. They can also promote disciplinary literacy learning and increase children’s comprehension through thoughtfully planned interactive questions (Meller et al. 2004).

By posing open-ended questions that do not have right or wrong answers, teachers can help children to expand their responses and make connections. They can also help children to use the vocabulary they hear in context and engage in discourse around the text. They can also encourage them to respond in a variety of ways, such as through writing and art.


Kids need to know how the sounds of spoken English match up with letters and groups of letters in order to read. This is called phonics.

In preschool and the beginning of kindergarten, beginner reading curriculum usually starts with a focus on letter and sound recognition. Kids can also learn how to blend simple words together.

Try this fun phonics activity with your students by labeling plastic cups with different letter blends. Kids can toss a Ping-Pong ball into the cup that matches their chosen letter blend.

Get new highly-decodable reading passages, lesson plans and phonics / phonological awareness assessments each month with a Kindergarten Literacy Club membership. Save time on reading small group prep and give your kids a solid foundation for reading success.


In kindergarten, your students focus on phonological awareness and phonics. Once they have mastered the alphabet and high frequency words, they can focus on building vocabulary.

You can help your students build their vocabulary with this ‘Catch the Frog’ activity. One student rolls the die, chooses a word with a particular digraph and reads it aloud. The first person to cover their frog wins!

As a club member, you will have access to professional development webinars. Brand new Science of Reading based center activities each month. Printable books and lesson plans for your small groups. A supportive community of teachers who totally get where you’re coming from. All for just $18 a month! Isn’t your well-rested, happy kindergarten teacher worth it? JOIN THE CLUB NOW!


For students learning to read, comprehension is as important as the words themselves. Using reading comprehension strategies that include clarifying concepts, teaching unknown words, and asking questions about stories helps children to comprehend the text.

Children can also improve their comprehension skills at home by connecting what they read to their own experiences. For example, if they see rabbits in their neighborhood, they can connect this to stories about bunnies in books.

Become a 1st & 2nd Grade Literacy Club member today to get monthly professional development webinars at your fingertips, new monthly reading passages and lesson plans for your small groups that follow the Science of Reading, and independent activities for students to use while you pull your groups! Reclaim your time and watch your students grow into successful readers.

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Understanding 에볼루션파워볼 파싱알

A captivating and exciting venture straight out of the South Korean market, the 에볼루션파워볼 파싱알 brings you a remarkable experience. But rather than jumping right in, isn’t it good to understand it on a more profound level first?

What Is 에볼루션파워볼 파싱알?

The 에볼루션파워볼 파싱알 is a widely recognized entertainment offering that has gained considerable traction in recent times. The name directly translates to Evolution Powerball Parsinggul, a unique and innovative creation that has warmed its way into the hearts of its players with its distinctive features and user-friendly layout. Click here for more information on .

How Does It Operate?

The 에볼루션파워볼 파싱알 operates on a user-friendly platform featuring various games. Users can delve into the multiple offerings that suit their preferences, immerse themselves in its unique features, and make the most of its seamless user interface, thereby making it a preferred choice for many. Dive into the world of today.

Why Is It Popular?

This platform has gathered global recognition due to its user-centric approach. From an interactive user design to numerous game offerings, the 에볼루션파워볼 파싱알 ensures that players have an exhilarating and seamless experience. More so, with its simple integration into various devices, the platform brings its unique offering right to your fingertips. Check out the to learn more.


All in all, the 에볼루션파워볼 파싱알 stands out as an innovative and exciting platform for entertainment-seeking individuals. It transcends traditional boundaries and offers players an immersive, engaging, and interactive gaming experience. Jump into the world of and experience a whole new level of gaming.


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Joining is easy. Simply visit the main website and follow the dynamics therein to kick start your gaming journey.

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Unraveling the Magic of Evolution Powerball Parsing Algorithm

When it comes to muscle training and rehabilitation, one piece of equipment has proven exceptionally significant, the . This device, compact yet highly effective, has won the hearts of many fitness enthusiasts and physical therapists. But, the magic doesn’t just lie in its revolutionizing design – there’s an element of software ingenuity behind its broad appeal: the Evolution Powerball Parsing Algorithm.

Understanding the Evolution Powerball Parsing Algorithm

As complex as the name might sound, the Evolution Powerball Parsing Algorithm is relatively easy to comprehend. Simplest terms, the parsing algorithm is a software that interprets and executes the commands necessary to maintain the optimal function of the . Its combination with a well-designed mechanical system enhances the ball’s ability to deliver high-impact, low-impact workouts.

The Role of the Parsing Algorithm in the Powerball

Truly grasping the value of the Evolution Powerball Parsing Algorithm requires understanding the role it plays. The algorithm is responsible for interpreting the data from the user’s movements and the Powerball’s rotations. It processes this information, determines the appropriate responses, and commands the Powerball accordingly. It’s this responsive interaction that gives the its dynamic, user-friendly appeal with continuous adaptation to the user’s force, speed, and direction.

Benefits of the Evolution Powerball Parsing Algorithm

The Evolution Powerball Parsing Algorithm is not just about technical performance – it’s about improving the user experience. By adjusting to the power and force applied by the user, it ensures a customized workout. Moreover, the continuous feedback and interaction make the workout sessions exciting, engaging, and fulfilling.

In conclusion, the Evolution Powerball Parsing Algorithm is a standout feature of the , making it a truly immersive, interactive, and effective workout tool. Its ability to process data dynamically and interactively respond to the user’s movements ensures each workout session is customized, exciting, and engaging.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

What is the Evolution Powerball Parsing Algorithm?
The Evolution Powerball Parsing Algorithm is a software that interprets the data from the user’s movements and the Powerball’s rotations and commands the Powerball for optimized function.

How does the Parsing Algorithm enhance the user experience?
Through its ability to dynamically process and respond to the user’s force, speed, and movements, it ensures workout sessions are more exciting, engaging, and customized.

Does the Parsing Algorithm improve the Powerball’s functionality?
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Is the Parsing Algorithm the reason for the Powerball’s popularity?
While the algorithm plays a significant role, other factors like the Powerball’s innovative design and functionality also contribute to its widespread popularity.

Where can I get the Evolution Powerball?
You can get Evolution Powerball from their official website, Evolution Powerball.…

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TeeNavi – Promoting Music Literacy

Music literacy is an essential part of a well-rounded education and can have a positive impact on an individual’s life. It can help develop cognitive and social skills. However, the lack of funding can lead to limited access to music programs and inadequate resources, facilities, and educators. TeeNavi is committed to promoting this important issue through various initiatives.

Music literacy is the ability to identify and understand music

Music literacy can have a positive impact on a person’s life in several ways. It can improve cognitive skills, boost emotional development, and promote interpersonal communication. These benefits are not only important for children, but adults can also benefit from a well-rounded education that includes music. Despite the many benefits, music literacy can be difficult to promote. Several challenges exist, including lack of funding and the perception that music is a luxury subject. TeeNavi is committed to addressing these challenges and promoting music literacy through various initiatives.

It is important to note that music literacy does not mean reading music. It is also not the same as music theory. While both are helpful for developing musical literacy, they should not be compared. Just like learning a language, becoming fluent in music takes time and is a process. It is therefore better to focus on readiness skills before embarking on a music literacy program. Having good foundations will allow a student to become fluent at their own pace.

It is an essential part of a well-rounded education

A well-rounded education should include music literacy, as it benefits students in many ways. Research shows that music education improves reading skills and promotes emotional stability. It also helps develop the ability to focus, which is critical for learning.

Musical literacy is more than learning to read notation; it’s internalising the music, responding to it, and communicating that response to others. It is a powerful tool that can help students achieve success in all areas of their lives.

It is important to remember that not every student will learn music in the same way. This is perfectly fine, and should be celebrated. For example, if a student wants to learn by ear, they should be encouraged to do so. Research has shown that this approach can increase retention and persistence, as well as promoting equity. It is also helpful for addressing the needs of students with limited background preparation.

It can have a positive impact on an individual’s life

Music literacy can have a positive impact on an individual’s life in many ways. It teaches children to listen and understand different styles of music, which can help them to appreciate and interact with other cultures. It also helps students develop a sense of belonging and social connectedness. In addition, it is a great way to improve math and pattern recognition skills. In fact, students who have musical education often score higher on SAT tests than other students.

The concept of music literacy has been around for centuries, beginning with Guido d’Arezzo in the 11th century. In music, true music literacy combines the logical and practical views of earlier advocates with contemporary thinking and research. In addition, it focuses on the process of developing an understanding of music rather than simply learning how to play a particular instrument. This is a much more holistic approach to music education. Moreover, it can improve spatial-temporal intelligence, which is important for solving multistep problems in architecture, engineering, art, math, gaming, and more.

It can be challenging to promote

Music is an important part of a well-rounded education, but it can be challenging to promote music literacy. It is often considered a non-essential subject, which can lead to limited funding and resources for music programs. TeeNavi is dedicated to promoting music education and believes that it should be an essential component of every person’s life.

One way to boost literacy is to use music to reinforce concepts being taught in the classroom. For example, using a song to teach rhyming can help students understand that words can be broken down into syllables. The rhythm of a song can also highlight the syllables by giving them each their own note.

This method can be especially effective for young children, as it is engaging and fun.

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How to Define Literacy

Be a critical reader and think about the way you define literacy. Ask others how they define the term and record their responses.

Reading comprehension is essential to students’ success in all learning areas. It can also help them maintain a positive attitude towards school and prevent negative reactions such as poor scores on standardized tests and truancy.


UNESCO defines literacy as “the ability to use all the tools and modes of communication to read, write, listen, speak, understand, curate, analyze and create.” Students who are considered literate have the skills to participate effectively in a networked world.

For example, a student who has trouble with reading comprehension may be unable to follow the directions for an assignment in science or math class. These difficulties can have serious consequences for the student’s life and career prospects.

Students who lack literacy skills are less likely to complete high school, fail college courses and struggle with jobs. This makes the teaching of literacy an important issue in schools. A common definition of health literacy is that it entails people’s motivation and competences to access, understand, appraise and apply health information to make judgments and take decisions in daily life that are related to health, disease prevention and the maintenance of good health throughout the life course.

Common Core State Standards

The Common Core State Standards (CCSS) are academic standards for students that are designed to help them achieve college and career readiness. They were developed by states, with support from the National Governors Association Center for Best Practices and the Council of Chief State School Officers, in collaboration with educators, parents, experts, and the public. These standards provide a foundation for curriculum and instruction in English language arts and math.

In addition to rigorous content, the CCSS emphasize the application of knowledge through higher-order thinking skills. They include reading complex texts that use academic language, such as essays, novels and short stories; writing in a variety of genres and formats; and working with informational text.

Although educators generally support the CCSS, they express some concern about their implementation. Achieve has released two briefs that highlight educators’ views about the challenges they face with these ambitious standards. One brief reports on research that shows how the CCSS is impacting teacher professional development. The other highlights an ongoing survey that measures teachers’ perceptions about the CCSS’s impact on their classrooms.


There are many types of literacy assessments. They can be informal or formal, formative or summative and screenings or diagnostic. These assessments can provide data at a single point in time or measure progress over time. Regardless of the type of assessment, teachers must always keep in mind that decisions that follow any assessment have educational consequences for learners. Assessments are most useful when they provide comprehensible feedback and support learners in meeting learning goals.

A universal literacy screening assesses a student’s ability to read words with accuracy and fluency. The student reads a passage and then answers open-ended questions about the vocabulary in the reading. This assessment is best administered one-on-one and in a non-distracting environment.

Running records assess a student’s rate and accuracy of reading grade level texts or passages in English and the student’s primary language. The teacher will give the student a passage and record their speed, accuracy and comprehension. The results can be used to determine a reading level and to monitor a student’s progress.


Students learn how to become literate by being exposed to texts in a variety of modes. This includes listening and speaking; reading and viewing; writing and creating. These different text-based modes help students understand that literacy is a continuum of learning and that they must engage in the full range of strategies for becoming proficient readers and writers.

These skills are crucial for life in modern society, as they allow people to access information and achieve their educational goals. They also help reduce gender, race and nationality-based inequality in access to education, property, employment, health care and legal rights.

Students who are taught a strong foundation in reading and writing develop an understanding of the importance of developing their own literacy skills throughout their lives, as well as how to teach these skills to the students they will encounter in educational field placements and later in their career as teachers. EL Education believes that sustained engagement with a worthy topic is a more effective way for students to grow their reading and thinking skills than a series of isolated short texts.

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5 Literary Terms You Should Know

Literary devices are tools used by writers to convey ideas and create imagery in the reader’s mind. They include metaphors, similes and other figurative language as well as plot devices such as foreshadowing and flashbacks.

Motifs are objects, images or ideas that occur repeatedly throughout a story to add meaning and resonance. For example, trains are an omnipresent motif in Tolstoy’s Anna Karenina.

1. Symbolism

Symbolism uses concrete images to convey ideas that would be difficult to communicate with abstract language. This literary device is sometimes confusing for readers, but it can add emotion to a story and even allow authors to convey themes they aren’t comfortable discussing openly.

A symbol may be a specific object, character attribute, weather condition or even a color. For example, when a character wears a piece of sea glass that was given to him by his mother, it’s likely the author is using the object to symbolize the son’s relationship with his mother and his grief over her death.

Symbolism can also be a way to add layers of meaning to a story by personifying objects that aren’t normally considered human, such as the sheep who blindly follow the pig dictators on Animal Farm.

2. Motifs

If you’ve ever gotten that feeling of deja vu while reading a story, it might be because a certain recurring motif keeps showing up. Think of them like purposeful breadcrumbs that lead the reader to a bigger picture.

Motifs are the recurring characters, objects, ideas, and symbols that can reinforce a particular theme in a story. Unlike symbolism, they are not as explicit and often go unnoticed.

For example, Lemony Snicket uses the acronym VFD (Voluntary Feline Domestication) as a recurring motif throughout A Series of Unfortunate Events to convey that the Baudelaire children are in danger. The recurrence of this motif makes it stand out to the attentive reader. Motifs work best when they are subtle and underline your theme in a way that readers can understand on an intuitive level without having to be explicitly told.

3. Onomatopoeia

Onomatopoeia is a literary device that uses words that sound like the noise they describe. This can be a playful or serious aspect of writing, depending on the situation and the sounds involved.

For example, when a character in a story slips on a slide and whoops or bumps, the author might use onomatopoeia like “whoop,” “bump,” or “swoosh.” These words help readers imagine what the character is hearing and experiencing.

Sometimes writers will invent their own onomatopoeic words to convey a particular sound, such as the word “tattarrattat” that James Joyce coined for knocking on a door in Ulysses. Other times, onomatopoeia can be used to highlight the rhythm of a piece.

For example, the rhythm of Edgar Allen Poe’s “The Bells” evokes a sense of the cacophonous and chaotic nature of jazz music.

4. Imagery

Imagery is a way for writers to paint a picture in the mind of the reader. It can be used to describe a character or scenery, and it helps readers connect with characters in a more personal way.

Visual imagery is the most common type of imagery, and it refers to how something looks. It can include color, shapes, sizes, patterns, and more. Pablo Neruda is famous for using visual imagery in his poetry.

This type of imagery typically involves figurative language, but it doesn’t have to. For example, the line “The apples rumbled into the cellar bin like a stampede of buffalo” uses visual imagery while still being completely literal.

5. Mood

Mood is one of the most commonly discussed literary techniques. It is closely related to tone, but they are two different things. Mood focuses on the overall feeling of a piece of writing, while tone is more about an author’s attitude.

Mood can be created with a variety of different literary devices, such as slant rhyme, onomatopoeia, and imagery. It can also be evoked through the use of certain narrative styles, like soliloquy or dialogue. Mood is also a big part of setting, which creates the physical environment of a story through detailed descriptions and sensory details. Mood can even be used to set the time period of a story, like in historical fiction or a fantasy novel. This will help readers to feel immersed in the story’s world.

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The Literacy Center of West Michigan

One-on-one adult education and family literacy programs. Helps people navigate day-to-day life like finding a job or using online health services.

Bringing about a just and vibrant West Michigan through the power of literacy. 85,000 adults in Kent County read below a fourth grade level. The center helps them thrive socially and economically.

Adult Education

The largest community-based adult education organization in the state, it works alongside adults who read below a ninth-grade level. Its focus on digital literacy education and affordable internet access became even more critical during the pandemic when daily activities shifted online.

We spoke with Bree Straayer, who was recently appointed director of the Family Literacy Program, to learn how she plans to grow and strengthen it under her leadership. A Grand Rapids native, she brings a decade of experience working with English language learners to her new role.

During the one-day event, WMU students and faculty will present research on best practices for adult learning, while attendees will examine ways to strengthen literacy programs in Southwest Michigan. The event is free and open to the public. Registration is available online.

Family Literacy

Whether their children are in kindergarten or third grade, parents play a critical role in literacy education. But they may lack the resources to help. That’s where the Literacy Center of West Michigan comes in. The program helps increase the English fluency of parents, who in turn boost their children’s reading scores.

Family Literacy is offered at Head Start sites, and the program also reaches out to parents through a partnership with the Kent District Library. It offers classes during the day and evening, so that they can fit into busy schedules. Child care is provided.

The program is being expanded thanks to a grant from the Wege Foundation, which supports projects that bring about a more vibrant and just community. The foundation’s focus areas include education, environment and health. The grant will allow the Literacy Center to offer more classes, and to add a language component for non-native English speakers. The goal is to reach more families.

Digital Literacy

Digital literacy includes the skills needed to read and create content online. It also involves the ability to evaluate the accuracy of digital information and data, as well as understanding how to navigate websites and other digital platforms. Students who possess these skills are better able to collaborate with others online and are more likely to participate actively in civic society and improve communities.

A strong digital literacy framework also teaches self-awareness, which is important because everything you do online leaves a footprint. This includes posts to Instagram, tweets, and blog articles. It is important for adults to understand that these activities may affect their future career prospects.

The Literacy Center offers a wide range of adult education programs, including workplace literacy training, family literacy programs, and citizenship classes for immigrants seeking naturalization. Many adult learners lack the technology and affordable internet access to participate in virtual learning opportunities, but the organization is making progress thanks to a recent grant from the Affordable Connectivity Program.

Volunteer Opportunities

The organization works to bring about a literate community by pairing volunteer tutors with adult learners. Learners are often unable to afford traditional learning programs or need help navigating digital literacy and online health care.

Bree Straayer joined the Family Literacy team as the new director of that program. A Grand Rapids native, she brings a wealth of experience with adults who are language learners to her role. She aligns the program to local needs and national trajectories, mentors teachers, builds partnerships with schools and community organizations, and manages curriculum development and instructor training.

Volunteer with Grass Roots and get your hands dirty at the GVSU Sustainable Agriculture Project. Volunteers will be involved with all aspects of the farm, including greenhouse maintenance, planting, seed starting, weeding, harvesting and more. Join other volunteers in advancing access to clean water for communities around the world. Click here to learn more about the opportunity.

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